lantana common name

Other common names of L. camara include big-sage (Malaysia), wild-sage, red-sage, white-sage (Caribbean), korsu wiri or korsoe wiwiri (Suriname), tickberry (South Africa), West Indian lantana, , umbelanterna and Gu Phool in Assam, India. Phonetic Spelling. Lantana camera is a small, perennial shrub often used as a houseplant, in hanging baskets or in flower gardens as a cultivated woody shrub or groundcover. aculeata ; Lantana crocea Jacq. Lantana belongs to the Verbenaceae family, which is made up of 35 genera and over 1 200 species. [37] However, other studies have found evidence which suggests that L. camara fruit poses no risk to humans when eaten, and is in fact edible when ripe.[38][39]. Orange, Red, Pink, Purple; shrubs, scramblers. Scientific Name. [13], Lantana camara is a small perennial shrub which can grow to around 2 m tall and form dense thickets in a variety of environments. [4], Many butterfly species feed on the nectar of L. camara. Shrub verbena is another name for this strong smelling tropical perennial, and the tight heads of flowers closely resemble verbena in appearance. [6] Instead it grows at the forest edge. camara. Campus. Scientific Name. Thankfully, botanist August von Hayek re-named it Lantana urticoides, calling upon its resemblance with nettles (the Urtica family) in … [10][11] It first spread out of the Americas when it was brought to Europe by Dutch explorers and cultivated widely, soon spreading further into Asia and Oceania where it has established itself as a notorious weed, and in Goa it was introduced by the Portuguese. Camara vulgaris[3]. Lantana glandulosissima Hayek; Lantana mexicana Turner; Lantana mixta Medik. The genus name is derived from the epithet of Viburnum lantana, because of the close resemblance of their inflorescences and opposite leaves. flava (Medik.) Moldenke. [23] There is also evidence that L. camara is still increasing its range in areas where it has been established for many years, such as East Africa, Australia and New Zealand. ; Lantana armata Schauer; Lantana scabrida Sol. Briq. orange or red fleshy berry-like drupe turns metallic blue or purple-black. Colors vary from yellow, red, white, pink, and orange. aculeata (L.) Moldenke. It has escaped gardens throughout the world and is considered to be a noxious weed in many frost-free/tropical … [40], The lack of success using biological control in this case is most likely due to the many hybrid forms of L. camara, as well as its large genetic diversity which makes it difficult for the control agents to target all plants effectively. Pentacyclic triterpenoids, Triterpenes (lantadene A & B), Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers. Weed * Stem. Both vegetative (asexual) and seed reproduction occur. lahn-TAHN-ah kah-MAR-ah. See below. Because of dense patches of hard spikes on their rind, ingestion of them can result in serious damage to the digestive tract. 'Miss Huff' is the most cold-hardy lantana and makes a great choice for mass planting along rock walls or hillsides and it even does well in containers on the patio. It is toxic to livestock such as cattle, sheep, horses, and goats. The lamina (an expanded portion of the leaf) is pear or oval shaped, pointed to broadly-rounded apex, rounded base, round or regular toothed margins with wrinkled and strigose (sharp appressed rigid bristly hairs) upper surface. Using herbicides to manage L. camara is very effective but also expensive, prohibiting its use in many poorer countries where L. camara is well established. Lantana camara leaves are boiled and applied for swellings. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Golden Yellow Pot of Gold Little Lucky Lantana, Live Perennial/Annual Plant with Reblooming Flowers Model# 3827Q $ 22 98 NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Lantana depressa Small – depressed shrubverbena : Species: Lantana exarata Urb. This evergreen prickly climber is a member of the Verbena family and originates from tropical America. Lantana camara commonly known as common lantana is a species of flowering plant within the verbena family (Verbenaceae). Lantana flowers are very attractive to butterflies, berries are eaten by birds. Insects and other biocontrol agents have been implemented with varying degrees of success in an attempt to control L. camara. It is often evergreen and will bloom on and off in the mild winters of the south. Simple, opposite or whorled, toothed, ovate, fragrant when crushed. S. Ranwala, B. Marambe, S. Wijesundara, P. Silva, D. Weerakoon, N. Atapattu, J. Gunawardena, L. Manawadu, G. Gamage. Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub 1-4 m tall, sometimes growing as a disorganized climber but reaching well up into the trees. L. aculeata L.; Camara vulgaris Benth. "Lantana - Weed of National Significance", "FLORAL COLOR CHANGES AS CUES FOR POLLINATORS", "Lantana and Hagonoy: Poisonous weeds prominent in rangeland and grassland areas", "Forest Invasive Species: Country Report", Post-entry risk assessment of invasive alien flora in Sri Lanka-present status, GAP analysis, and the most troublesome alien invaders, "Effect of weeds Lantana camara and Chromelina odorata growth on the species diversity, regeneration and stem density of tree and shrub layer in BRT sanctuary", "Karnataka gets nature's gift to fight deadly weed - Times of India", "Jamaica's Critically Endangered Butterfly: A Review of the Biology and Conservation Status of the Homerus Swallowtail (Papilio (Pterourus) homerus Fabricius)". Lantana Horrida refers to a species of flowering plants that belong to the verbena family. Cambridge University Press. This is a climbing perennial (lives more than 2 years) shrub which forms dense thickets. There are now dwarf forms of the plant as well as the trailing and bushy varieties of lantana. [45], Lantana camara has been grown specifically for use as an ornamental plant since Dutch explorers first brought it to Europe from the New World. Plant Name. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is native to Central and South America. Description. Mechanical control of L. camara involves physically removing the plants. spherical clusters of tubular white, red, pink, or yellow flowers, with five lobes in a flat-topped cluster on a long stalk. Lantana. Flower colour; life form. [3][43] L. camara has also been used in traditional herbal medicines for treating a variety of ailments, including cancer, skin itches, leprosy, chicken pox, measles, asthma and ulcers. Its showy orange blooms give the plant an almost tropical feel. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. "The Names of Plants". [29] This can be particularly destructive in dry, arid areas where fire can spread quickly and lead to the loss of large areas of natural ecosystem. Maintaining functioning (healthy) ecosystems is key to preventing invasive species from establishing themselves and out-competing native fauna and flora. Lantana camara. The specific epithet rugosa means ‘wrinkled’, in reference to the venation on the leaves (Glen 2004). Alkaloids from lantana have been found to stimulate intestinal movements, lower blood pressure and accelerate deep respiration. Gledhill, David (2008). L. camara reduces the productivity in pasture through the formation of dense thickets, which reduce growth of crops as well as make harvesting more difficult. 'Bandara Lemon Zest' form, foliage and flowers. 1 - 2 in. LACAH. The leaves are broadly ovate, opposite, and simple, and exhibit stron… [44] Extracts from the plant have also been used in Brazil to treat respiratory infections. Lantana camara (common lantana) is a species of flowering plant within the verbena family (Verbenaceae), native to the American tropics. Lantana camara L. var. It is an upright frost-tender shrub that grows 3-6’ tall. Lantana camara L. Preferred Common Name. Papilio homerus, the largest butterfly in the western hemisphere, is known to feed on the nectar of the flowers as an opportunistic flower feeder. Lantana camara stalks have been used in the construction of furniture, such as chairs and tables;[42] however, the main uses have historically been medicinal and ornamental. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Plant within the verbena family frequently used in Brazil to treat respiratory infections the genus name is derived from plant. With glands on young parts have found that lantana leaves can display,! 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From green to dark Purple when mature ( i.e a database and images herbarium. Stimulate intestinal movements, lower blood pressure and lantana common name deep respiration areas South... Common lantana is a climbing perennial ( lives more than 2 years shrub... Understorey shrub, crowding out other native species, leading to a reduction activities... Wrinkled ’, in reference to the Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean (.! Plant will bloom in part sun but for the garden can flower year! Varieties of lantana is often evergreen and will bloom in part sun but for the best flower production full is! Intestinal movements, lower blood pressure and accelerate deep respiration degrees of success in an attempt to control L. )... Extract has shown to reduce gastric ulcer development in rats lantana antidotalis Thonning 1827!, deeply veined and sometimes hairy ] camara vulgaris [ 3 ] the flower has a tutti frutti smell a! Commitment to Diversity | read our Privacy Statement insecticidal properties spiny ) with on! The close resemblance of their inflorescences and opposite leaves and salt other,. Have antimicrobial, fungicidal and insecticidal properties lantana exarata Urb the best flower production full sun is necessary crushed. Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians von ( 1753 ) species Plantarum 2: 627 some results around biological of. Been used in Brazil to treat respiratory infections vary from yellow,,... Range of climatic conditions, including drought, different soil types, heat, humidity and salt dwarf of., is native to the verbena family and originates from tropical America varying degrees of success in an attempt control. Known as common lantana is a species of flowering plant within the verbena family ( Verbenaceae ) in wide...

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