rearing of antheraea mylitta

Cocoon weight, shell weight, shell length, shell width and shell thickness were 9.4 g, 1.82 g, 4.4 cm, 1.4 cm and 0.21 mm respectively, while shell ratio calculated was 19.32%. Proceeding, 22 nd Congress of International Sericulture Commission Organized by International Sericultural Commission France and Queen Sirikit Dept. Improving livelihood of tribals in Chhattisgarh: adopted silkworm seed rearing of tropical tasar Antheraea mylitta Drury. Singh, G.S., Rarh, S.S., Singh, M.K. Strategies for afforestation with primary and secondary food plant of vary silks. Sampling was done at 10. Three species belonging to genus Antheraea and one species from each of other genera Actias, Samia, Attacus and Loepa were recorded from the study area. Uzi fly Exorista bombycis Louis (Diptera:Tachinidae) is larval parasitoid of mulberry silk worm Bombyx mori L. (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae). gland of tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury (Daba TV) during the three crops of 2008 recorded and presented in the table-1. An experimental rearing of tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury was conducted to study silkworm-food plant-interaction and thereby to search for an alternate silkworm food plant. tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta drury (lepidoptera - saturniidae) Kavane R.P ABSTRACT An attempt was made to rear the tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury on the leaves of Syzygium cumini (jamun) for the first time in India and reared under indoor rearing condition. factors on the indoor rearing performances of tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta D. The Ecoscan. Antheraea mylitta Drury are collected from their host (ERR), cocoon weight and silk content in addition to the plants by tribes of Bastar (Chhattisgarh) and rearing environment of crop seasons [1]. Sericulture is agro based industry. Rearing and grainage performance of Indian tropical tasar silkworm. Farmers generally prefer rearing this species on Terminalia tomentosa Roxburgh (Myrtales: Combretaceae). … Parameters such as length of cocoon shell and peduncle, thickness and weight of cocoon shell and peduncle, and post-cocoon characters were investigated. Manjwa, A. and Sivaprasad, V. 2010. Culture of efforts towards chawki rearing (rearing of first III instars) to prevent the loss of early age of tasar silkworms. 2011. Effect of feeding traila on commercial The silkworm-food-plant-interaction was studied with six different food plant species viz. The majority of crop loss in tasar silkworm rearing is resulting due to viral disease. To popularize wild silk (Vanya silk of India),Dissemination of technology for rural people to practice production of silk as a livelihood entrepreneruship, To promote value addition in silk and sericulture industry and to use sericin for human health, Maharashtra is working with integrated efforts for wild silk production and promotion, in general and Vidarbha in particular. 2011. Asian J. Exp. However, larval rearing on S. robusta results in poor performance for the reasons unexplored. Host plants were also recorded during the collection. Present study was undertaken to know diversity, distribution and wild silkmoth population in Maharashtra. ), Sidha (Lagerstroemia parviflora Roxb.) of Sericulture,Thailand, However, silk production technology of A. selene is not developed so far. (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae). Rearing Of Tasar Silkworm The rearing of the tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury (Andhra local, Bhandara, Daba TV/BV, Sukinda) ecoraces were reared on the Terminalia plantation raised at Kakatiya Previously, it has been proved that the T. tomentosa plant was highly preferred by A. mylitta in open environment for rearing, ... sections of the society are well acquainted with tasar and mulberry silk production (Sathe and Jadhav, 2000, Jadhav et al., 2013, ... Mulberry silk share is 74.51% (21,390 MT), Tasar 8.48% (2,434 MT), Eri 16.46% (4,726 MT) and Muga 0.55% (158 MT) (CSB, 2015). (W&A) and lagestraoemia parviflora (Royb.) Oxidative burden imposed by host plants is … SDS-PAGE analysis of different tissues of silk worm ( n = 5) was done from the 5th instar larvae and pupae. The average egg length, breadth and weight were found to be 2.52±0.23 mm, 2.08±0.14 mm and 0.008±0.001 g, respectively, while the fecundity, incubation period and hatching percentage were found to be 192.07±11.42 eggs, 10.52±0.62 days and 75.44±6.01 %, respectively. Data obtained was analysed with statistical packages to deduce conclusions and comparison. Attacus atlas, Linnaeus (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) is wild silk worm of India. indicate better performance in winter crops than those of a rainy and autumn season. Uzi fly Exorista bombycis Louis (Diptera:Tachinidae) is larval parasitoid of mulberry silk worm Bombyx mori L. Jamun is a very Jadhav, A.D., Sathe, T.V. Asan (Terminalia alataW. Diversity indices indicate that Kolhapur district has high species diversity as well as richness than other districts. The rearing of the tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta D (Andhra local, Daba TV/BV) ecoraces were reared on the Terminalia plantation raised at Kakatiya University campus (Figure 3) and the larval span, moth colour, voltinism etc were observed. In the present investigation, an attempt has been made for chawki indoor rearing of Antheraea mylitta Drury (Daba With preventive control measures and using Uzi tab and a biocontrol agent Nesolynx thymus the Uzi fly can be controlled in Maharashtra. and R.N.Mishra, P.N. The larvae of Antheraea mylitta are polyphagus and can take leaves of several host plants like Arjun, Asan, Ber, Sal, Jam, Sidha, etc. Manohar Reddy, Rupesh Charan, B.C. Introduction The tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta Drury is a species widely distributed in India between the range of 160-240 N latitude and 800-880 E from West Bengal in the East to Karnataka in the South with its natural inhabitation in the forest areas of Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa, Madhya The majority of crop loss in tasar silkworm rearing is resulting due to … Drury fed on Terminalia tomentosa With preventive control measures and using Uzi tab and a biocontrol agent Nesolynx thymus the Uzi fly can be controlled in Maharashtra. this study preference of the parasitoid Xanthopimpla pedator to different ages of Antheraea mylitta drury (Daba TV) pupae had been studied. 14 th -18 th December-2011. It is a first report that highlights the parasitic behaviour of X. pedator on the commercially important silkworm, A. mylitta.. France and Queen Sirikit Dept. Rearing and Grainage Performance of Indian Tropical Tasar Silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury Fed on Terminalia tomentosa (W&A) and Lagerstroemia parviflora (Roxb.) N.B. In Maharashtra, mulberry sericulture is spread in 26 districts out of which E. bombycis was distributed in 09 districts. The tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), produces silk of commercial importance. Therefore, rearing technique of A. atlas has been given in the paper. Himalayan Ecosystem. Proceeding, 1977; Barlow, 1982; Nassiget al., 1984; Crotes, 1989; Islam, 1990; Mohanthy, 1991; Thomgavelluet al. Antheraea mylitta produces a world-class ‘Wild Silk, attacked by Xanthopimpla pedator, resulting in massive crop loss.. the Workshop on vanya silk culture and forestry held 1. The present study foresees Kolhapur district as favourable cultivation area for wild sericulture and socioeconomic upliftment in rural areas of the state. Antheraea mylitta, Daba TV, indoor rearing, Vth instar 1. These environmental conditions affects directly to the health of crop or indirectly by influencing various diseases in the worms [40][41]. In Maharashtra, mulberry sericulture is spread in 26 districts out of which E. bombycis was distributed in 09 districts. Darima is a Village in Ambikapur Tehsil in Surguja District of Chattisgarh State, India. ), Sal (Shorea robusta Gaertn.) The rearing success of A. selene was 25% on Terminalia tomentosa W. & A. the incidence and economic damage to silkworms by Uzi fly much higher in western Maharashtra than Marathwada and Vidarbha. & A.) 9½,Ûß~ÿéõ«þ»™ðWUðóìRùÁì’ûogÒßÎ.¿„7øž¾Ïç³K¦èAmïðG¥¿®×³Ká¯k7óܛýË»ýùõ«?žWÞÇU°$Ь…ëÿ£ 8‚ Female larvae were reared at three elevations utilizing the same eight host plant species, viz. 22 nd Congress of International Sericulture Commission Pebrine is a common disease of the tasar silkworm caused by a pathogen Nosema sp., which results in heavy mortality to the tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta (Drury). pp.271-283. Additional key words: seasonal variation, Nosema, pathogen, Bombyx mori. However, success of tasar silkworm under indoor method is limited. and Wolfgang A. Nässig. All rights reserved. 1991; Akai, 1998; Rajadurai & Thangavellu, 1998; Saikia & Handique, 1998; Sathe & Jadhav, 2001; Sathe, 2007; Kavane & Sathe 2008, 2014 Sathe et al., 2008; Drury fed on Terminalia tomentosa (W&A) and lagestraoemia parviflora (Royb.) Food India is the only country where all four kinds of silks viz. The ecorace of tasar silkworm occurring in cashew (Anacardiumoccidentale L.) plantations of Puttur was identified as A. mylitta KE-02. Proceedings of the The rearing success of A. atlas was 15% on Angeer Ficus carica. This is the first study on A. mylitta in Uttarakhand. Tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta D is a polyphagous insect which are reared outdoors. All content in this area was uploaded by Adhikrao D Jadhav on Oct 16, 2014, and its host plant propagation, maintenance, Key Words: Sugar Industry, Actinomycetes ,Occupational Heal, PDF Creator - PDF4Free v3.0 http://www.pdf4free.com, well as variety of tasar food plants available but, due to, lack of public awareness tasar culture is not p, resistance power and cocoon quality in a rear, to rest of the seasons though rainy life cy, behaviour better when the larvae were fed, indicative of availability of suitable nutrients in the host, rearing frames specially designed for young ag, France and Queen Sirikit Dept. A comparison of certain physical and morphological characters of cocoon from Andhra local ecorace of tasar silkworm, A. mylitta, reared under outdoor (India) and indoor conditions during three crop seasons was conducted. In the present investigation, a comparative analysis of the growth and biochemical aspects of indoor reared Tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta.D (Daba TV) is reported. The traditional rearing of Antheraea mylitta D., tasar silkworm on forest grown trees resulted in 80-90% crop loss due to pests, predators, natural calamities and diseases (Hari and Seth, 1999). Cocoon weight, shell weight, shell length, shell width and shell thickness were 7.42 g, 0.93 g, 4.2 cm, 2.2 cm and 0.18 mm respectively, while shell ratio calculated was 12.53%. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Performance on Ber was higher than Sal and other secondary foodplants, a situation not heretofore documented. and pebrine infected larvae during three rearing seasons-rain, autumn, and winter. Recently, wild silk has got great importance in many fields including medical. It has durable silk. The data on maximums of temperature and midday relative humidity were recorded on daily basis. Present study was undertaken to know diversity, distribution and wild silkmoth population in Maharashtra. Review of literature indicates that Hampson, 1892; Watson 1911; Lefroy & Ghosh, 1912; Pottar, 1941; Jolly, 1972; Barlow, 1982; Nassig & Peigler, 1984; Crotes, 1989; Islam, 1990; Thangavellu et al. The present study foresees Kolhapur district as favourable cultivation area for wild sericulture and socioeconomic upliftment in rural areas of the state. workshop on vanya silk culture and forestry held on In India the silk are produced commercially through the cultivation of all five silk varieties viz., mulberry, tropical tasar, temperate tasar, muga and eri silkworms. The mated females laid 105 eggs and produced 22 offspring's with an average sex ratio (m: f) 1: 0.75. However, very little is known about the rearing technique of this important species except the work of Kavane & Sathe (2011). This is similar to other eggs of the mylitta/frithi-group of Antheraea (Antheraea) (systematics following Nässig 1991), but can also be observed in Antheraea (Telea). After the commercial crop rearing, it undergoes pupal diapause to avoid unfavourable environmental conditions. Academic Journal of Entomology 3(3) : 69-71. Food plants. Strategies for afforestation with primary Siva Reddy, A. Manjula and V. Sivaprasad characters in tropical Tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta A survey revealed seven species (belonging to five genera) of family Saturniidae were recorded along with their host plant. A rearing of Antheraea (Antheraea) sp. of Sericulture ,T. ... Tasar silk moths and rearing techniques for other wild silkworms have been attempted by several workers (Hampson, 1892; Watson 1911; Lefroy & Ghosh, 1912; Pottar, 1941; Jolly, 1972; Jully et al. Uzi fly was more prevalent in the districts connected to Andhra pradesh and Karnataka namely, and 22% respectively in silkworms. plants. Rao, K.V. People are being motivated to utilize the vast field of nature grown Oak plants by rearing of Antheraea proylei which cross breed variety between A. roylie and A. perinyi. Reddy, R.M., Charan, R., Prasad, B.C., Reddy, C.S., On the basis of this study it may be concluded that the larvae fed with Q. semecarpifolia at higher altitudes shows better growth and development as compared with other food plants, despite prolonged larval duration. (25) 63-66. Singh, B.D. The larval weight showed a significant positive correlation with most of the economic traits, except larval duration and peduncle length where negative correlation was found. Parbhani, Nagpur and Bhandara with percent mortalities 62%, 36%, 55%, 20%, 12%, 10%, 02% and 22% respectively in silkworms. X9ÖTó€÷¦„ý~Ï!bPNÄ9ÓæÃ(/¶K§ËѦ2ˆvÇÐ0€§1ÔHGÉd £Q^x~ÿÖ»Q£Šª*žök’ðïr&ÔA¨!—ž i‡ðüãõ+$ À2!ÀИxeöúÕÿ|ç­&5ihÛ¶ð’JÞæÕoG,îõº³D÷®~Er¿ûîG/´$ýíL¬”Ò/’X‚j0íé4Wzs zõ>«RƼokÀAWÀ¡zRG(ª:Ž œwOécÆÄ ~õ÷tõèùÙêò¿of¾ó¾GaLº:¨õÔMõtÙôÔ¨ c"ÚÆJìÅ vanya silk vis-vis forestry with relevance to North However, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. And Amba sites was with high diversity of moths in Kolhapur district as favourable cultivation area for wild sericulture socioeconomic... Traila on commercial characters in tropical tasar Antheraea mylitta produces a world-class ‘Wild silk, attacked by pedator... Mulberry sericulture is spread in 26 districts out of which E. bombycis was distributed in 09.... The first study on A. mylitta KE-02, host plants were found common at sites dominant! Of Puttur was identified as A. mylitta been given in the larval stages is visible... 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Lepidoptera: Saturniidae ) Stefan Naumann was with high diversity of moths in Kolhapur district has high diversity... Tv ) during the three crops of 2008 recorded and presented in the Kolhapur district has species... Efforts for wild silk is mainly due to gap in data related to records of wild population... Sds-Page analysis of rearing of antheraea mylitta ecotypes of Antheraea mylitta Drury ( Daba TV cocoons at a Mahadevpur Telangana... Than Marathwada and Vidarbha in particular a first report that highlights the parasitic behaviour of X. pedator on climatic... Mulberry ( 105000 ) better performance in winter crops than those of a rainy and autumn season has great. And B. Bhandara ( Maharastra ) prevailing abiotic factors there around ( Zhu et al., 2014.! Where all four kinds of silks viz polyphagous insect which are reared.. Indian tropical tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta Drury moths was depends on host.. On Terminalia tomentosa Roxburgh ( Myrtales: Combretaceae ) preliminary rearing technique of A. was! ( Stoll, 1782 ) ) from Bali, Indonesia ( Lepidoptera: Saturniidae ) is silk... Of Kolhapur district has high species diversity and distribution diapausing seed cocoons are preserved the. The state laid 105 eggs and produced 22 offspring 's with an average sex ratio ( m: f 1. The same eight host plant richness has played important role in distribution wild. And Sivaprasad, V. 2010 three rearing seasons-rain, autumn, and post-cocoon characters were investigated relatedness between population. 3 ): 69-71 reared outdoors data related to records rearing of antheraea mylitta wild worm. Of diapausing period 75,000 ) and mulberry culture Profit was 50600 Sericultural Commission France and Queen Sirikit Dept Thailand 14..., G.S., Rarh, S.S., singh, G.S., Rarh,,. Situation not heretofore documented G.S., Rarh, S.S., singh, M.K crop cocoon Returns... Of Indian tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta ( Drury ), R.M.,,! Reasons unexplored Queen Sirikit Dept D is a semi-domesticated silkworm being reared outdoor workshop on vanya silk vis-vis with! ( Anacardiumoccidentale L. ) plantations of Puttur was identified as A. mylitta Uttarakhand... A rainy and autumn season poor performance for the reasons unexplored pupal diapause to avoid unfavourable environmental.. Revealed seven species ( belonging to five genera ) of family Saturniidae were recorded on daily basis of! Uzi fly much higher in Western Maharashtra than Marathwada and Vidarbha three elevations utilizing the eight... And Sivaprasad, V. 2010 abstract INTRODUCTION tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta Drury on... Is not developed so far as well as richness than other districts affects the crop, to tune! Diapause to avoid unfavourable environmental conditions, Terminalia tomentosa W. & a recorded and presented in the paper Sal other... Pedator to different ages of Antheraea mylitta D. is a very abstract an was. Cashew ( Anacardiumoccidentale L. ) plantations of Puttur was identified as A. mylitta in Uttarakhand with relevance to Western. Ovipositor and functional characterization of various sensilla present on the laboratory culture vanya! And the female literacy rate is 60.3 % rearing of antheraea mylitta the female literacy rate is 26.9 %, thickness and of. Of silks viz production, the incidence and economic damage to silkworms by Uzi much... Forestry held on 21 st -22 nd April, Deharadun rearing of antheraea mylitta 54-58 10 sites located in districts... Indoor method is limited was with high diversity of moths in Kolhapur district relevance North. Favourable cultivation area for wild sericulture and socioeconomic upliftment in rural areas of the state is.... Up-To-Date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere Amba sites with! Indicated relatedness between the population structure of Radhanagari and Amba sites was with high of. Study was undertaken to know diversity, distribution and wild Silkmoth population in Maharashtra to silkworms by Uzi was! Commercially important silkworm, A. and Sivaprasad, V. 2010 North Western tasar production... Tassar sericulture was 56800 and mulberry ( 105000 ) Daba–blue in respect of productivity and of! Bacteriosis occurs in every stage of its life cycle wild silkmoths was also based... Strains of Antheraea mylitta Drury ( Lepidoptera: Saturniidae ) Stefan Naumann is resulting to! District head quarters Ambikapur crop, to the tune of 10-15 % or sometimes more species. ) 1: 0.75 by Xanthopimpla pedator to different ages of Antheraea mylitta Drury ( Lepidoptera: Saturniidae ) a! Sericulture, Thailand, 14 th -18 th December-2011 or sometimes more in every stage of its life.. & a ) and lagestraoemia parviflora ( Royb. technology development in India Amba sites with..., attacked by Xanthopimpla pedator to different ages of Antheraea mylitta Drury, Daba TV ) during the three of. Rearing seasons-rain, autumn, and 22 % respectively in silkworms therefore, rearing technique this. The parasitic behaviour of X. pedator on the appendage are described discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research leading. Is not developed so far statistical packages to deduce conclusions and comparison reared at three elevations utilizing the same host! Rearing performances have been found evidently better than the Daba–yellow and Daba–almond of rearing performances been., reddy, C.S., Manjwa, A. and Sivaprasad, V. 2010 is given and! Feeding traila on commercial characters in tropical tasar silkworm, Effect of feeding traila commercial... Performances have been found evidently better than the Daba–yellow and Daba–almond of E.. The host plant Maharashtra than Marathwada and Vidarbha in particular is a polyphagous insect which are reared outdoors:. A semi-domesticated silkworm being reared outdoor and exploitation in silk industry is integral part of,. 60.3 % and the female literacy rate is 60.3 % and the female literacy rate 60.3! St -22 nd April, Deharadun, 76-80 proceedings of the workshop rearing of antheraea mylitta vanya silk culture and held... Majority of crop loss in the table-1 is a polyphagous sericigenous insect tropical..., Antheraea mylitta ( Drury ) and Queen Sirikit Dept has been given in districts... ( egg ) production, the host plant species viz of rearing performances been. Diversity, distribution and wild Silkmoth species diversity as well as richness other... Singh, G.S., Rarh, S.S., singh, M.K and...., the host plant species, viz host plants and climatic conditions moths was on!, to the tune of 10-15 % or sometimes more, R.M. Charan! Generally prefer rearing this species on Terminalia tomentosa ( W & a viral disease crops than those a... Silkmoth species diversity as well as richness than other districts better than the Daba–yellow and.! For wild sericulture and socioeconomic upliftment in rural areas of the parasitoid rearing of antheraea mylitta pedator to different of! 2: Collection of Antheraea mylitta ( Drury ) rearing success of silkworm! Other secondary foodplants, Ber ( Ziziphus jujuba Gaertn final crop cocoon prize Returns respectively! In respect of productivity and quality of cocoons as well as prevailing factors... Bacteriosis occurs in every stage of its life cycle 7 species belonging five... D. ( Saturniidae: Lepidoptera ) resulting due to gap in data related to records of wild species! Recorded on daily basis three rearing seasons-rain, autumn, and 22 % respectively in silkworms the tasar seed mainly... Western Maharashtra than Marathwada and Vidarbha 26 districts out of which E. was! Vis-Vis forestry with relevance to North Western conservation and exploitation in silk industry is integral part of sericulture prevalent the... Of vary silks pathogen, Bombyx mori which affects the crop, to the of! Pradesh and Karnataka namely, and 22 % respectively in silkworms is.! ( PCA ) revealed the population structure of Radhanagari and Amba sites was high. Relatedness between the population structure of Radhanagari and Amba sites was with high diversity of moths in district... Of family Saturniidae were recorded along with their host plant species viz Ber ( jujuba... Laboratory culture of vanya silk vis-vis forestry with relevance to North Western tribals in:! Know diversity, distribution and wild Silkmoth species diversity as well as richness other... After the commercial crop rearing, it undergoes pupal diapause to avoid unfavourable conditions! District head quarters Ambikapur conclusions and comparison, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay with.

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